264
From a Cerium-Doped Polynuclear Bismuth Oxido Cluster to β-Bi2O3:Ce

M. Weber, T. Rüffer, F. Speck, F. Göhler, D.P. Weimann, C. A. Schalley, T. Seyller, H. Lang, M. Mehring – 2020

The simultaneous hydrolysis of Bi(NO3)3·5H2O and Ce(NO3)3·6H2O results in the formation of novel heterometallic bismuth oxido clusters with the general formula [Bi38O45(NO3)24(DMSO)28+δ]:Ce (DMSO = dimethyl sulfoxide; cerium content <1.50%), which is demonstrated by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. The incorporation of cerium into the cluster core is a result of the interplay of hydrolysis and condensation of the metal nitrates in the presence of oxygen. Diffuse-reflectance UV–vis and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy reveal the presence of CeIV in the final bismuth oxido clusters as a result of oxidation of the cerium source. The cerium atoms are statistically distributed mainly on the bismuth atom positions of the central [Bi6O9] motif of the [Bi38O45] cluster core. Hydrolysis and subsequent annealing of the bismuth oxido clusters in the temperature range of 300–400 °C provides β-Bi2O3:Ce samples with slightly lowered band gaps of approximately 2.3 eV compared to the undoped β-Bi2O3 (approximately 2.4 eV). The sintering behavior of β-Bi2O3 is significantly affected by the cerium dopant. Finally, differences in the efficiency of the as-prepared β-Bi2O3:Ce and undoped β-Bi2O3 samples in the photocatalytic decomposition of the biocide triclosan in an aqueous solution under visible-light irradiation are demonstrated.

Title
264
From a Cerium-Doped Polynuclear Bismuth Oxido Cluster to β-Bi2O3:Ce
Author
M. Weber, T. Rüffer, F. Speck, F. Göhler, D.P. Weimann, C. A. Schalley, T. Seyller, H. Lang, M. Mehring
Date
2020-01-15
Identifier
DOI: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.9b03240
Citation
Inorg. Chem.. 2020, 59, in press