# Gaussian process regression adaptive density-guided approach: Toward calculations of potential energy surfaces for larger molecules

## D. G. Artiukhin, I. H. Godtliebsen, G. Schmitz, O. Christiansen – 2023

We present a new program implementation of the Gaussian process regression adaptive density-guided approach [Schmitz et al., J. Chem. Phys. 153, 064105 (2020)] for automatic and cost-efficient potential energy surface construction in the MidasCpp program. A number of technical and methodological improvements made allowed us to extend this approach toward calculations of larger molecular systems than those previously accessible and maintain the very high accuracy of constructed potential energy surfaces. On the methodological side, improvements were made by using a Δ-learning approach, predicting the difference against a fully harmonic potential, and employing a computationally more efficient hyperparameter optimization procedure. We demonstrate the performance of this method on a test set of molecules of growing size and show that up to 80% of single point calculations could be avoided, introducing a root mean square deviation in fundamental excitations of about 3 cm−1. A much higher accuracy with errors below 1 cm−1 could be achieved with tighter convergence thresholds still reducing the number of single point computations by up to 68%. We further support our findings with a detailed analysis of wall times measured while employing different electronic structure methods. Our results demonstrate that GPR-ADGA is an effective tool, which could be applied for cost-efficient calculations of potential energy surfaces suitable for highly accurate vibrational spectra simulations.