Stability of van der Waals FePX3 materials (X: S, Se) for water-splitting applications
Sharma, Sandhya and Zeeshan, H. Muhammad and Panahi, Mohammad and Jin, Yichen and Yan, Mouhui and Jin, Yukun and Li, Kexin and Zeller, Patrick and Efimenko, Anna and Makarova, Anna; Smirnov, Dmitry; Paulus, Beate; Voloshina, Elena and Dedkov, Yuriy – 2023
The interaction of high-quality transition metal trichalcogenides (TMTs) single crystals FePX3 (X: S, Se) with water molecules is studied using near-edge x-ray absorption fine structure (NEXAFS) and x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) in a wide range of temperature and partial pressure of H2O. The physisorption nature of interaction between H2O and FePX3 is found at low temperatures and relatively small concentrations of water molecules, that is supported by the DFT results. When temperature of the FePX3 samples and partial pressure of H2O are increased, the interaction at the interface is defined by two competing processes—adsorption of molecules at high partial pressure of H2O and desorption of molecules due to the increased surface mobility and physisorption nature of interaction. Our intensive XPS/NEXAFS experiments accompanied by DFT calculations bring new understanding on the interaction of H2O with surface of a new class of 2D materials, TMTs, pointing to their stability and reactivity, that is important for further applications in different areas, like sensing and catalysis.