The Peculiar Interaction of Trifluoride Anions with Cryogenic Rare Gas Matrices
Bader, Frederik and Riedel, Sebastian and Beckers, Helmut and Müller, Carsten and Tremblay, Jean Christophe and Paulus, Beate – 2021
In this contribution, we present theoretical modeling of the interaction between rare gas matrices and a trifluoride guest anion, as well as its quantitative effect on measured vibrational spectra. Using a combination of coupled-cluster electronic structure calculations and a many-body potential expansion coupled with permutation invariant polynomial fitting and anharmonic vibrational spectrum simulations, we shed light on the origin of the trifluoride matrix effects observed experimentally. The theoretical spectra are found to reproduce accurately the measured data while providing deeper insights into the effects of the guest–host interaction. The investigations reveal that neon can only stabilize trifluoride in hexagonal cavities formed by double vacancies, while argon can host the anion in a variety of cavities ranging from zero to two defects in the matrix. The origin of this structural variability can be traced back to the disparate strengths of the host–host interactions in neon and argon. The present work demonstrates the importance of theoretical modeling to complement matrix isolation experiments, which alone do not provide direct information about the structure of the matrices or about the physical origin of their interaction and of their spectroscopic signature.