Probing electron correlation in molecules via quantum fluxes
Kenfack, Anatole and Banerjee, Shiladitya and Paulus, Beate – 2012
We present quantum simulations of a vibrating hydrogen molecule H2 and address the issue of electron correlation. After appropriately setting the frame and the observer plane, we were able to determine precisely the number of electrons and nuclei which actually flow by evaluating electronic and nuclear fluxes. This calculation is repeated for three levels of quantum chemistry, for which we account for no correlation, Hartree-Fock, static correlation, and dynamic correlation. Exciting each of these systems with the same amount of energy, we show that the electron correlation can be revealed with the knowledge of quantum fluxes. This is evidenced by a clear sensitivity of these fluxes to electron correlation. In particular, we find that this correlation remarkably enhances more electronic yield than the nuclear one. It turns out that less electrons accompany the nuclei in Hartree-Fock than in the correlation cases.