618. Biocatalytic Synthesis Using Self-Assembled Polymeric Nano- and Microreactors
Y. Wang, Q. Zhao, R. Haag, C. Wu – 2022
Biocatalysis is increasingly being explored for the sustainable development of green industry. Though enzymes show great industrial potential with their high efficiency, specificity, and selectivity, they suffer from poor usability and stability under abiological conditions. To solve these problems, researchers have fabricated nano- and micro-sized biocatalytic reactors based on the self-assembly of various polymers, leading to highly stable, functional, and reusable biocatalytic systems. This review highlights recent progress in self-assembled polymeric nano- and microreactors for biocatalytic synthesis, including polymersomes, reverse micelles, polymer emulsions, Pickering emulsions, and static emulsions. We categorize these reactors into monophasic and biphasic systems, and discuss their structural characteristics and latest successes with representative examples. To conclude, we consider the challenges and potential solutions associated with the future development of this field.