602d. Chemische Ansätze für synthetische Wirkstofftransportsysteme für systemische Anwendungen
D. Braatz, M. Cherri, M. Tully, M. Dimde, G. Ma, E. Mohammadifar, F. Reisbeck, V. Ahmadi, M. Schirner, R. Haag – 2022
Targeted nanomedicines particularly armed with monoclonal antibodies are considered to be the most promising advanced chemotherapy for malignant cancers; however, their development is hindered by their instability and drug leakage problems. Herein, we constructed a robust cetuximab–polymersome–mertansine nanodrug (C-P-DM1) for highly potent and targeted therapy of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-positive solid tumors. C-P-DM1 with a tailored cetuximab surface density of 2 per P-DM1 exhibited a size of ca. 60 nm, high stability with minimum DM1 leakage, glutathione-triggered release of native DM1, and 6.0–11.3-fold stronger cytotoxicity in EGFR-positive human breast (MDA-MB-231), lung (A549), and liver (SMMC-7721) cancer cells (IC50 = 27.1–135.5 nM) than P-DM1 control. Notably, intravenous injection of C-P-DM1 effectively repressed subcutaneous MDA-MB-231 breast cancer and orthotopic A549-Luc lung carcinoma in mice without inducing toxic effects. Strikingly, intratumoral injection of C-P-DM1 completely cured 60% of mice bearing breast tumor without recurrence. This robust cetuximab–polymersome–mertansine nanodrug provides a promising new strategy for targeted treatment of EGFR-positive solid malignancies.