529. Dendritic polyglycerol-conjugated gold nanostars with different densities of functional groups to regulate osteogenesis in human mesenchymal stem cells
S. Zhou, Y. Pan, J. Zhang, Y. Li, F. Neumann, T. Schwerdtle, W. Li, R. Haag – 2020
Nanomaterials play an important role in mimicking the biochemical and biophysical cues of the extracellular matrix in human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs). Increasing studies have demonstrated the crucial impact of functional groups on MSCs, while limited research is available on how the functional group's density on nanoparticles regulates MSC behavior. Herein, the effects of dendritic polyglycerol (dPG)-conjugated gold nanostars (GNSs) with different densities of functional groups on the osteogenesis of MSCs are systematically investigated. dPG@GNS nanocomposites have good biocompatibility and the uptake by MSCs is in a functional group density-dependent manner. The osteogenic differentiation of MSCs is promoted by all dPG@GNS nanocomposites, in terms of alkaline phosphatase activity, calcium deposition, and expression of osteogenic protein and genes. Interestingly, the dPGOH@GNSs exhibit a slight upregulation in the expression of osteogenic markers, while the different charged densities of sulfate and amino groups show more efficacy in the promotion of osteogenesis. Meanwhile, the sulfated nanostars dPGS20@GNSs show the highest enhancement. Furthermore, various dPG@GNS nanocomposites exerted their effects by regulating the activation of Yes-associated protein (YAP) to affect osteogenic differentiation. These results indicate that dPG@GNS nanocomposites have functional group density-dependent influence on the osteogenesis of MSCs, which may provide a new insight into regulating stem cell fate.