522. Tumor Microenvironment-activatable Nanoenzymes for Mechanical Remodeling of Extracellular Matrix and Enhanced Tumor Chemotherapy.
Y. Zhong, J. Zhang, Y. Hou, E. Chen, D. Huang, W. Chen, R. Haag – 2020
Increased tissue stiffness is a hallmark of cancer and promotes tumor progression. It is hypothesized that decreased tumorous stress may aid or sensitize chemotherapies. To overcome extracellular matrix (ECM) stiffening and fulfill sensitized chemotherapy in one nanosystem, a reactive oxygen species-activatable nanoenzyme (SP-NE) based on a dendritic polyglycerol scaffold, integrating collagenase and paclitaxel (PTX) prodrug, is constructed. The dense and tough ECM is highly remitted by SP-NE in the tumor microenvironment (TME) mimicking gelatin hydrogel models, which causes cell shrinkage, disorders cytoskeletal constructions, and subsequently enhances chemotherapeutic efficacy. ECM softening via SP-NE downregulates mechanotransduction signaling pathways of integrin-focal adhesion kinase (FAK)-Ras homolog family member A (RhoA) implicated in cytoskeletal assembly, and integrin-FAK-phosphorylated extracellular signal regulated kinase (pERK 1/2) mediating mitosis. Notably, this programmed nanosystem in human breast MCF-7 tumor-bearing mice models displays a significant relief of ECM stress from 4300 to 1200 Pa and results in 87.1% suppression of tumor growth at a low PTX dosage of 3 mg kg−1. The attenuated expression of the key players RhoA and pERK 1/2 involved in cellular mechano-sensing is further verified in vivo. This study thus provides a new and potential nanoplatform to selectively decrease TME stiffness for enhanced chemotherapy.