34. Surface characterization of covalently functionalized carbon-based nanomaterials using comprehensive XP and NEXAFS spectroscopies
P. Nickl, J. Radnik, W. Azab, I. S. Donskyi* – 2023
Reliable and straightforward characterization and analysis of carbon-based nanomaterials on the atomic level is essential to exploring their potential for application. Here we use a combination of highly surface sensitive x-ray photoelectron (XP) spectroscopy and near edge x-ray absorption fine structure spectroscopy (NEXAFS) to study and quantify the covalent functionalization of nanographene and single-walled carbon nanotubes with nitrene [2 + 1]-cycloaddition. With this comprehensive analytical approach, we demonstrate that the π-conjugated system of functionalized carbon-based nanomaterials is preserved according to NEXAFS analysis, which is challenging to prove with XP spectroscopy investigation alone. Using this combination of analytical approaches, we show significant similarities after functionalization for various carbon-based nanomaterials. Both analytical methods are strongly suited to study possible post-modification reactions of functionalized carbon-based nanomaterials.