Synthesis, Src kinase inhibitory and anticancer activities of 1-substituted 3-(N-alkyl-N-phenylamino)propane-2-ols
D. Sharma, R. K. Sharma, S. Bhatia, R. Tiwari, D. Mandal, J. Lehmann, K. Parang, C. E Olsen, V. S Parmar, A. K Prasad – 2010
A series of 3-(N-alkyl-N-phenylamino)propan-2-ol derivatives were synthesized from epichlorohydrine in a multi-step strategy and were evaluated as Src kinase inhibitors. First, epoxy ring opening of epichlorohydrine was carried out in the presence of N-alkylanilines to yield 3-(N-alkyl-N-phenylamino)-1-chloro-propan-2-ol derivatives using Ca(OTf)2 as catalyst based on our previous studies . Second, ring closure was performed under basic conditions to afford N-epoxymethyl N-alkylaniline derivatives. Finally, the epoxide ring opening with four different secondary amines and three nucleobases afforded the final products, i.e., a series of β-amino alcohols. All compounds were screened for their inhibitory activity against Src kinase and anticancer activity on human breast carcinoma cells, BT-20 cell line. Among all compounds, 3-N-methyl-N-phenylamino-1-(pyrrolidin-1-yl)propan-2-ol (13b) exhibited the highest inhibitory potency (IC50 = 66.1 μM) against Src kinase. Structure-activity relationship studies suggested that the incorporation of bulky groups at position 1 and N-substitution with groups larger than methyl moiety, reduced the inhibitory potency of the compound significantly. Compounds 3-(N-ethyl-N-phenylamino-)-1-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)propan-2-ol (14c) and 3-(N-ethyl-N-phenylamino)-1-(thymine-1-yl)propan-2-ol (17) were found to inhibit the growth of breast carcinoma cells by approximately 45–49% at concentration of 50 μM.