Allostery in C-type lectins
B.G. Keller, C. Rademacher – 2020
C-type lectins are the largest and most diverse family of mammalian carbohydrate-binding proteins. They share a common protein fold, which provides the unifying basis for calcium-mediated carbohydrate recognition. Their Involvement in a multitude of biological functions is remarkable. Here, we review the variety of tasks these lectins are involved in alongside with the structural demands on the overall Protein architecture. Subtle changes of the protein structure are implemented to cope with such diverse functional requirements. The presence of a high level of structural dynamics over a broad palette of time scales is paired with the presence of secondary binding sites and allosteric coordination of remote sites and renders this lectin fold a highly adaptable scaffold.