Characterization and fate of a septanosyl Ferrier cation in the gas and solution phases
Greis, K; Griesbach, C. E.; Kischbaum, C.; Meijer, G.; von Helden, G.; Pagel, K.*; Peczuh, M. W.;* – 2023
Ferrier reactions follow a mechanistic pathway whereby Lewis acid activation of a cyclic enol ether facilitates departure of an allylic leaving group to form a glycosyl Ferrier cation. Attack on the Ferrier cation provides a new acetal linkage concurrent with the transposition of the alkene moiety. The idiosyncratic outcomes of Ferrier reactions of seven-membered ring carbohydrate-based oxepines prompted an investigation of its corresponding septanosyl Ferrier cation. Experiments that characterized the ion, including gas-phase cryogenic IR spectroscopy matched with density functional theory-calculated spectra of candidate cation structures, as well as product analysis from solution-phase Ferrier reactions, are reported here. Results from both approaches revealed an inclination of the seven-membered ring cation to contract to five-membered ring structures. Gas-phase IR spectra matched best to calculated spectra of structures in which five-membered dioxolenium formation opened the oxepine ring. In the solution phase, an attack on the ion by water led to an acyclic enal that cyclized to a C-methylene-aldehydo arabinofuranoside species. Attack by allyl trimethylsilane, on the other hand, was diastereoselective and yielded a C-allyl septanoside.