Nonionic Dendritic and Carbohydrate Based Amphiphiles: Self-Assembly and Transport Behavior
S. Prasad, K. Achazi, B. Schade, R. Haag and S. K. Sharma – 2018
Abstract Herein, a new series of non-ionic dendritic and carbohydrate based amphiphiles is synthesized employing biocompatible starting materials and studied for supramolecular aggregate formation in aqueous solution. The dendritic amphiphiles 12 and 13 possessing poly(glycerol) [G2.0] as hydrophilic unit and C-10 and C-18 hydrophobic alkyl chains, respectively, exhibit low critical aggregation concentration (CAC) in the order of 10−5m and hydrodynamic diameters in the 8–10 nm range and supplemented by cryogenic transmission electron microscopy. Ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) and fluorescence spectroscopy suggests the effective solubilization of hydrophobic guests by the self-assembled architectures, with the nanotransporters 12 and 13 possessing the highest encapsulation efficiency of 80.74 and 98.03% for curcumin. Efficient uptake of encapsulated curcumin in adenocarcinomic human alveolar basal epithelial (A549) cells is observed by confocal laser scanning microscopy. Amphiphiles 12 and 13 are non-cytotoxic at the concentrations studied, however, curcumin encapsulated samples efficiently reduce the viability of A549 cells in vitro. Experimental studies indicate the ability of amphiphile 13 to encapsulate 1-anilinonaphthalene-8-sulfonic acid (ANS) and curcumin with binding constant of 1.16 × 1055m−1 and 1.43 × 106m−1, respectively. Overall, our findings demonstrate the potential of these dendritic amphiphiles for the development of prospective nanocarriers for the solubilization of hydrophobic drugs.