A self-healable and bioadhesive acacia gum polysaccharide-based injectable hydrogel for wound healing acceleration
Z. Ahmadian, M.Z. Jelodar, M. Rashidipour, M. Dadkhah, V. Adhami, S. Sefareshi, H. Ali Ebrahimi, M. Ghasemian, M. Adeli, – 2023
The present study aimed at developing an injectable hydrogel based on acacia gum (AG) for wound healing acceleration. The hydrogels were synthetized through metal-ligand coordination mediated by Fe3+ and characterized in terms of gelation time, gel content, initial water content, swelling capacity, water retention ratio, and porosity. Moreover, FTIR, XRD and TGA analyses were performed for the hydrogels and allantoin (Alla) loaded ones. Furthermore, bioadhessiveness, and self-healing as well as antibacterial, toxicity and wound healing potentials of the hydrogels were evaluated. The hydrogels displayed fast gelation time, high swelling, porosity, and bioadhessiveness, as well as antioxidant, self-healing, antibacterial, blood clotting, and injectability properties. FTIR, XRD and TGA analyses confirmed hydrogel synthesis and drug loading. The Alla-loaded hydrogels accelerated wound healing by decreasing the inflammation and increasing the cell proliferation as well as collagen deposition. Hemocompatibility, cell cytotoxicity, and in vivo toxicity experiments were indicative of a high biocompatibility level for the hydrogels. Given the advantages of fast gelation, injectability and beneficial biological properties, the use of Alla-loaded hydrogels could be considered a new remedy for efficient wound healing.