Lieselotte and Prof. Dr. Kurt-Dietrich Krolow Foundation (Krolow Foundation)
The Krolow Foundation
The Krolow Foundation was established from the estates of Prof. Dr. Kurt-Dietrich Krolow in 2009 to keep his memory in honour.
Prof. K.-D. Krolow lived from 1926 until 2008 in Berlin. He was married to Lieselotte Krolow née Engelmann.
K.-D. Krolow studied agriculture, received his doctoral degree in 1957 from Prof. H. Kappert and obtained his habilitation in 1969 under Prof. W. Hoffmann (TU Berlin). Subsequently, he was appointed as professor for Heredity and Breeding at the homonymous institute, which is now the Department of Applied Genetics of the FU Berlin. He retired in 1989.
The special interest of Prof. Krolow was the evolution of improved crop plants. In particular his research on the development of triticale, a novel crop originating from a cross of wheat and rye, has received international recognition. Today, triticale is an important crop with an annual yield of c. 12 million tons.
Prof. Krolow with the subject of his research (1981)
The mission of the foundation is to support young academics in the field of applied genetic research in crop plants and crop breeding. Support can also be granted to research with other plants if this is expected to yield results, which will have an impact on the development of crop plants. The support is provided by the Krolow fund for young scientists, which has been established from the financial resources of the foundation.
A special account has been established for contributions and donations: Stifterverband/Krolow-Stiftung, Sparkasse Essen, IBAN DE39 3605 0105 0000 2252 01, BIC SPESDE3EXXX
Board of trustees of the Krolow Foundation
The Krolow Foundation is held in trust by the Stifterverband für die Deutsche Wissenschaft e.V.
A board of trustees decides about the usage of the the financial means of the Krolow fund for young scientists in accordance to the statute of the foundation.
Outstanding research results that have led for example to a first-author publication in a high-ranking journal, an excellent dissertation or, in exceptional cases, an excellent master thesis may be honored with the Krolow Award for young researchers of Applied Genetics at the Dahlem Centre of Plant Sciences at Freie Universität Berlin. The research has to make a singular contribution to applied research on crop plants. In case research results promise to be relevant for the development of improved crop plants, the award may be assigned to research on non-crop plants too. The awardee receives a certificate and 1.500 Euro.
The awardee Dr. Isabel Bartrina proudly presenting the certificate.
|In 2011 the award was assigned for the first time. The awardee Dr. Isabel Bartrina received the Krolow Award for her findings about the role of CKX genes in regulating seed yield. She published her results as first author in Plant Cell (Plant Cell 23, 69-80; 2011) with the title "Cytokinin regulates the activity of reproductive meristems, flower organ size, ovule formation, and thus seed yield in Arabidopsis thaliana". Further research projects will study the possibility to transfer results obtained in the model plant Arabidopsis to achieve an increased seed yield in crop plants.
|Dr. Eswarayya Ramireddy received the Krolow Award in 2013 for his research aiming to improve the root system of barley with the CKX technology. The goal is to achieve an improved uptake of water and nutrients through an altered root system which should allow for a more profitable and sustainable crop production in arid areas. Dr. Ramireddy has successfully demonstrated the transfer of knowledge about the regulation of root system architecture from basic research on Arabidopsis to the crop plant barley. He is now investigating which economic and ecological impact this will have.
The donator Ms. Gisela Krolow is presenting the certificate to Dr. Eswarayya Ramireddy.
The awardee 2014, Dr. Michael Niemann proudly presenting the certificate.
|Dr. Michael Niemann was awarded with the Krolow Award in November 2014 for his work on the nucleotide sugar transporter ROCK1. The identification of this transporter and the description of its biological function was first published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. This transporter has an influence on the activity of CKX proteins, which play an important role in the homeostasis of the plant hormone cytokinin. This has direct consequences on the plant because loss of the transporter activity leads among other effects to an increased formation of flowers and fruits. These novel research results contribute to a better understanding of the complex regulatory network of the plant hormone cytokinin.
|In November 2016, the Krolow Award was given to Dr. Anne Cortleven. Her discovery of the protective role of the plant hormone cytokinin in the plant response to high light stress, first published in 2014 in Plant Physiology, has unravelled a previously unknown function of the hormone. High light stress causes damage of the photosynthetic apparatus, thus negatively impacting biomass production and yield, Dr. Cortleven's reseach has the potential to contribute to the improvement of crop plants.
The awardee of 2016, Dr. Anne Cortleven, with the head of the Department of Molecular and Developmental Biology of Plants, Prof. Dr. Thomas Schmülling.
Dr. Elisabeth Otto, Gisela Krolow and Dr. Ireen Schwarz at the award ceremony on February 28, 2019.
Source: Georgeta Leonte
|On February 28, 2019 the Krolow Prize was awarded to Dr. Ireen Schwarz and Dr. Elisabeth Otto for their research on yield increase in oilseed rape. Some years ago it was found in the model plant Arabidopsis that the mutation of two genes, CKX3 and CKX5, which code for proteins catalyzing the breakdown of the hormone cytokinin, causes a strong increase in seed yield (Bartrina et al., 2010). Ireen Schwarz and Elisabeth Otto identified the homologous genes in the crop plant oilseed rape (Brassica napus), which is a close relative of Arabidopsis. In collaboration with Bayer CropScience they could show that mutation of a total of six related CKX genes caused the formation of more flowers and seed pods and thereby a higher seed yield on the main stem of oilseed rape. The work exemplifies the transfer of results from basic science to application in plant breeding. The project was supported by the German ministry of science and education (BMBF) in the frame of the project “SEEDS – Yield enhancement in oilseed rape”. The results were published in the Journal of Experimental Botany (Schwarz et al., Journal of Experimental Botany 71, 7146-7159. https://doi.org/10.1093/jxb/eraa419).
In September 2023, Dr. Sören Werner and Dr. Jan Erik Leuendorf were awarded the Krolow Prize. Dr. Werner received the prize for demonstrating that the yield-increasing effect of the hormone cytokinin, which is usually achieved by reducing the breakdown of the hormone, can also be achieved specifically by locally increasing the synthesis of cytokinin (Werner et al., Frontiers in Plant Science 12, 613488, 2021; https://doi.org/10.3389/fpls.2021.613488). Dr. Leuendorf was awarded the prize for his as yet unpublished scientific work, in which he showed that a mutation of genes for cytokinin degradation has a positive effect on yield components in barley.
The winners of the Krolow Prize 2023, Dr. Jan Erik Leuendorf (left) and Dr. Sören Werner.