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Germylidene Borane and Germanium Tetrahydroborate with Inter-element B=Ge and B−H−Ge Bonds

Jie Zhao, Helmut Beckers, Tengfei Huang, Xuefeng Wang, Sebastian Riedel – 2018

Laser-ablated boron atoms react with GeH₄ molecules to form novel germylidene borane H₂GeBH₂, which undergoes a photochemical rearrangement to the germanium tetrahydroborate Ge(μ-H)₂BH₂ upon irradiation with light of λ = 405 nm. For comparison, the boron atom reactions with SnH₄ only gave the tin tetrahydroborate Sn(μ-H)₂BH₂. Infrared matrix-isolation spectroscopy with deuterium substitution and the state-of-the-art quantum-chemical calculations are used to identify these species in solid argon. A planar structure of H₂GeBH₂ with an electron-deficient B–Ge bond with a partial multiple bond character (bond order = 1.5) is predicted by quantum-chemical calculations. In the case of M(μ-H)₂BH₂ (M = Ge, Sn) two 3c–2e B–H–M hydrogen bridged bonds are formed by donation of electrons from the B–H σ-bonds into empty p-orbitals of M.

Titel
Germylidene Borane and Germanium Tetrahydroborate with Inter-element B=Ge and B−H−Ge Bonds
Verfasser
Jie Zhao, Helmut Beckers, Tengfei Huang, Xuefeng Wang, Sebastian Riedel
Schlagwörter
Bor, Germanium, Double Bonds, Matrix-Isolation
Datum
2018
Quelle/n
Erschienen in
Inorg. Chem. 2018, 57, 2218-2227.
Zitierweise
DOI: 10.102110.1021
Sprache
eng