Catalytic Potential of Post-Transition Metal Doped Graphene-Based Single-Atom Catalysts for the CO2 Electroreduction Reaction
Lambie, Stephanie and Jian Liang, Low and Gaston, Nicola and Paulus, Beate – 2022
Catalysts are required to ensure electrochemical reduction of CO2 to fuels proceeds at industrially acceptable rates and yields. As such, highly active and selective catalysts must be developed. Herein, a density functional theory study of p-block element and noble metal doped graphene-based single-atom catalysts in two defect sites for the electrochemical reduction of CO2 to CO and HCOOH is systematically undertaken. It is found that on all of the systems considered, the thermodynamic product is HCOOH. Pb/C3, Pb/N4 and Sn/C3 are identified as having the lowest overpotential for HCOOH production while Al/C3, Al/N4, Au/C3 and Ga/C3 are identified as having the potential to form higher order products due to the strength of binding of adsorbed HCOOH.