Ino-Chloridolithates from Ionothermal Synthesis
Bekis, Deniz F. and Kullmey, Tim and Ghazanfari, Mohammad R. and Burda, Robert and Voloshina, Elena and von Randow, Clara A. and Fuss, Friederike and Liesegang, Moritz and Paulus, Beate and Poppler, Ann-Christin and Thiele, Gunther – 2021
Anionic lithium-containing species were predicted to impact ionic liquid-based electrochemical applications but have hitherto never been isolated from ionic liquid systems. Here, we report the first representatives of this class of compounds, ino-chloridolithates, comprising [LiCl2]− and [Li2Cl3]− polyanions from ionothermal reactions. Such compounds are obtained at moderate temperatures with imidazolium-based ionic liquids and LiCl. The addition of an auxiliary ammonium salt enhances the lattice energy to yield an ammonium lithate in good yields, which enables extensive investigations including solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance, infrared, and Raman spectroscopy. The structural motifs of ino-lithates are related to ino-silicates, as 1D-extended anionic substructures are formed. Despite this analogy, according to density functional theory calculations with periodic boundary conditions, no evidence of covalent bonding in the anionic moieties is found–indicating packing effects to be the main cause for the formation. Based on an in-depth analysis of the different synthetic parameters, this class of compounds is discussed as an intermediate in ionic liquid applications and could serve as a model system for electrochemical lithium-based systems.