AuI/AuIII Catalysis: An Alternative Approach for C−C Oxidative Coupling
M. N. Hopkinson,* A. D. Gee, V. Gouverneur* – 2011
When reacted in the presence of external oxidants, gold complexes are capable of catalyzing oxidative homo- and cross-coupling reactions involving the formation of new C-C bonds. Over the last few years, several cascade processes have been reported in which coupling is preceded by a gold-mediated aryl C-H functionalization or nucleophilic addition. These reactions combine the unique reactivity of gold with oxidative coupling, enabling the construction of C-C bonds between coupling partners that are not easily accessed using alternative catalysts. In this Concept paper, the development of gold-catalyzed oxidative coupling reactions is discussed focusing on C-C bond-forming reactions of broad synthetic appeal.