P.I. da S. Maia, Hung Huy Nguyen, D. Ponader, A. Hagenbach, S. Bergemann, R. Gust, V.M. Deflon, U. Abram
Na[AuCl4]·2H2O reacts with tridentate SNS ligands, H2L1, derived from N-[N′,N′-dialkylamino(thiocarbonyl)]benzimidoyl chloride and thiosemicarbazides under formation of air-stable, green [AuCl(L1)] complexes. The organic ligands coordinate in a planar SNS coordination mode. Small amounts of gold(I) complexes of the composition [AuCl(L3)] are formed as side-products, where L3 is an S-bonded 5-diethylamino-3-phenyl-1-thiocarbamoyl-1,2,4-triazole. The formation of the triazole L3 can be explained by the oxidation of H2L1 to an intermediate thiatriazine L2 by Au3+, followed by a desulfurization reaction with ring contraction. The chloro ligands in the [AuCl(L1)] complexes can readily be replaced by other monoanionic ligands such as SCN– or CN– giving [Au(SCN)(L1)] or [Au(CN)(L1)] complexes. The complexes described in this paper represent the first examples of fully characterized neutral Gold(III) thiosemicarbazone complexes. All the [AuCl(L1)] compounds present a remarkable cell growth inhibition against human MCF-7 breast cancer cells. However, systematic variation of the alkyl groups in the N(4)-position of the thiosemicarbazone building blocks as well as the replacement of the chloride by thiocyanate ligands do not considerably influence the biological activity. On the other hand, the reduction of AuIII to AuI leads to a considerable decrease of the cytotoxicity.
I. Garcia Santos, A. Hagenbach, U. Abram
Novel thiosemicarbazonato complexes of gold(III) have been prepared from reactions of [Au(damp-C1,N)Cl2 (damp- = 2-(N,N-dimethylaminomethyl)phenyl) or [NBu4][AuCl4] with 2-pyridineformamide thiosemicarbazones (HL). The thiosemicarbazones deprotonate and coordinate as mononegative, tridentate NNS ligands to gold to give [Au(Hdamp-C1)(L)]Cl2 or [AuCl(L)]Cl complexes. The organometallic damp– ligand is protonated during the reactions and the Au–N bond is cleaved. The [AuCl(L)]+ cations represent the first gold(III) complexes with thiourea derivatives which are not stabilised by an additional organometallic ligand. Reactions of [NBu4][AuX4] (X = Cl, Br) with diphenylthiocarbazone (dithizone) result in reduction of the metal and the formation of gold(I) complexes of the composition [AuX(SCN4-3,4-Ph2)] where SCN4-3,4-Ph2 is 3,4-diphenyltetrazole thione which is formed from cyclisation of dithizone.
J. S. Casas, M.V. Castano, M.C. Cifuentes, J.C. Garcia-Monteagudo, A. Sanchez, J. Sordo, U. Abram
Dichloro[2-(dimethylaminomethyl)phenyl-C1,N]gold(III), [Au(damp-C1,N)Cl2], reacts with the formylferrocene thiosemicarbazones derived from 4-methyl-, 4-phenyl-, 4-ethyl- and 4,4-dimethyl-3-thiosemicarbazides, HFcTSC, to give complexes of general formula [Au(Hdamp-1C)Cl(FcTSC)]Cl. These complexes were isolated and characterized by elemental analysis, mass spectrometry and IR, 1H NMR and 13C NMR spectroscopy. In some cases cyclic voltammetric studies were carried out and these showed that the complexation of gold affects the redox behaviour of the ferrocene unit. The in vitro antitumor activity against the HeLa cell line was also determined for the more soluble complexes. The IC50 values were found to be higher than that of cisplatin but the maximum antiproliferative activity was similar