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  • Pflüger HJ and Bräunig, P (2021) One hundred years of phase polymorphism research in locusts. J Comp Physiol A. 19 April 2021  [pdf]  doi: 10.1007/s00359-021-01485-3
  • Pflüger HJ, Büschges A, Bässler U (2021) Historical Review on Thanatosis with Special Reference to the Work of Fritz Steiniger. Chapter 2 of “Death-feigning in Insects” (ed. M Sakai), Springer Tokyo (2021), pp 15-22  doi: 10.1007/978-981-33-6598-8_2
  • Büschges A, Pflüger HJ, Bässler U (2021) Catalepsy and Twig Mimesis in Insects and Its Neural Control. Chapter 9 of “Death-feigning in Insects” (ed. M Sakai), Springer Tokyo (2021), pp 135-144.  doi: 10.1007/978-981-33-6598-8_9


  • Bilz F, Gilles MM, Schatton A, Pflüger HJ, Schubert M (2020) Intensity coded octopaminergic modulation of aversive crawling behavior in Drosophila melanogaster larvae. BioRxiv. doi: 10.1101/2020.09.04.281022.
  • Emanuel S, Kaiser M, Pflüger HJ, Libersat F (2020). On the role of the head ganglia in posture and walking in insects. Frontiers in Neurophysiology. Front. Physiol. 11:135  [pdf]  Link
  • Lubawy J, Urbanski A, Colinet H, Pflüger HJ and Marciniak P (2020) Role of the insect neuroendocrine system in the response to cold stress. Front. Physiol. 23 Apr 2020. Link
  • Pflüger HJ Am Horn von Afrika bahnt sich die grösste Heuschreckenplage seit Jahrzehnten an: Eigentlich ist die Heuschrecke ein Einzelgänger. Wie und warum sie zum Schwarmtier wird, ist eine Frage der Neurobiologie. Wissenschaftsbeilage, Neue Zürcher Zeitung vom 29.02.2020 (Ausgabe Schweiz), 04.03.2020 (Internationale Ausgabe).  [pdf]  Link


  • Giurfa M and Pflüger H-J (2019) The contribution of invertebrates to the understanding of the vertebrate nervous system, its mechanisms, functions and pathological dysfunctions. Position Paper 2019 for EBC (European Brain Council).  [pdf]  Link
  • Imperadore P, Lepore MG, Ponte G, Pflüger HJ, Fiorito G (2019) Neural pathways identification through neurobiotin backfilling in the common octopus, Octopus vulgaris. J Invert Neurosci 19:5  doi: 10.1007/s10158-019-0225-y
  • Knebel D, Rillich J, Nadler L, Pflüger H-J, Ayali A (2019) The functional connectivity between the locust leg pattern generators and the subesophageal ganglion higher motor center. Neuroscience Letters 692: 77–82. doi: 10.1016/j.neulet.2018.10.060
  • Kononenko NL, Hartfil S, Willer J, Ferch J, Wolfenberg H, Pflüger H-J (2019) A population of descending tyraminergic/octopaminergic projection neurons of the insect deutocerebrum. Journal of Comparative Neurology 527: 1027–1038. doi: 10.1002/cne.24583
  • Stolz T, Diessner M, Neupert S, Hess M, Delgado E, Pflüger HJ, and Schmidt J (2019) Descending octopaminergic interneurons modulate leg load evoked motor neuron activity in stick insects. J Neurophysiol. 122: 2388-2413  [pdf]


  • Knebel D, Rillich J, Pflüger H-J, Ayali A, Rigosi E (2018) Desert locust forelimb control is asymmetric: an ex-vivo study. Current Biology 28(22): R1290-R1291. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.09.063
  • Pflüger H-J (2018). Die Neurowissenschaftliche Gesellschaft ist Gründungsmitglied des German Brain Council. Neuroforum 24(3): 223. doi: 10.1515/nf-2018-0015
  • Sinakevitch I, Wolff G, Pflüger HJ, Smith B. (2018). Biogenic Amines and Neuromodulation of Animal Behavior. E-book, Front. Syst. Neurosci. (21 articles) https://www.frontiersin.org/research-topics/4871/biogenic-amines-and-neuromodulation-of-animal-behavior
  • Sinakevitch I, Wolff G, Pflüger HJ, Smith, B. (2018). Biogenic Amines and Neuromodulation of Animal Behavior. Editorial to Front Syst Neurosci 12 (Special research topic). doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2018.00031
  • Stocker B, Bochow C, Damrau C, Mathejczyk T, Wolfenberg H, Colomb J, Weber C, Ramesh N, Duch C, Biserova N, Sigrist S, Pflüger, H-J (2018) Structural and Molecular Properties of Insect Type II Motor Axon Terminals. Front Syst Neurosci 12: 5. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2018.00005
  • Antemann, V., Pass, G.; Pflüger, H.-J. (2018) Octopaminergic innervation and a neurohaemal release site in the anntennal heart of the locust Schistocerca gregaria. J. Comp. Physiol. A 204:131-143. doi: 10.1007/s00359-017-1213-5.
  • Knebel D, Rillich J, Ayali A, Pflüger HJ, Rigosi E (2018) Ex-vivo recordings
    reveal desert locust forelimb control is asymmetric. Current Biology 28(22): R1290–R1291. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2018.09.063


  • Knebel D; Ayali, A.; Pflüger H.-J., Rillich, J. (2017) Rigidity and flexibility: the central basis of inter leg coordination in the locust. Front Neural Circuits. 2017 Jan 11;10:112. doi: 10.3389/fncir.2016.00112. eCollection 2016
  • Martin C, Gross V, Pflüger, H-J, Stevenson PA, Mayer G (2017) Assessing segmental versus non-segmental features in the ventral nervous system of onychophorans (velvet worms). BMC Evol Biol. 2017 Jan 3;17(1):3. doi: 10.1186/s12862-016-0853-3
  • Pflüger H-J. Motor pattern selection and initiation in invertebrates with an emphasis on insects. Chapter 7.3. pp 195-223. In: “Motor control” (eds. Hooper S and Büschges A), Wiley, August 2017. doi: 10.1002/9781118873397.ch7
  • Pflüger, H.-J., Grillner, S. Introduction to Motor Pattern Selection in Vertebrates and Invertebrates. Chapter 7.1. pp 178 – 180 In:“Motor control” (eds. Hooper S and Büschges A), Wiley, August 2017. doi: 10.1002/9781118873397.ch7
  • Pflüger H-J (2017) Professor Ernst Bresslau, founder of the Zoology Departments at the Universities of Cologne and Sao Paulo: lessons to learn from his life history. Zoology 122: 1–6. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2017.04.002


  • Mendoza E, Colomb J, Rybak J, Pflüger HJ, Zars, T, Scharff C, Brembs B (2014) Drosophila FoxP mutants are deficient in operant self learning. PLoS One, 9(6):1-15, e100648. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0100648


  • Mayer G, Martin C, Rüdiger J, Kauschke S, Stevenson PA, Poprawa I, Schill RO, Pflüger H-J, Schlegel M (2013) Selective neuronal staining in tardigrades and onychophorans provides insights into the evolution of segmental ganglia in panarthropods. BMC Evolutionary Biology 13:230-245. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-13-230
  • Pflüger, HJ, Wolf H (2013) Developmental and activity-dependent plasticity of filiform hair receptors in the locust. Frontiers in Physiology 4:70 (pp 1-7). doi: 10.3389/fphys.2013.00070
  • Rillich J, Stevenson PA, Pflüger HJ (2013) Flight and walking in locusts – cholinergic co-activation, temporal coupling and its modulation by biogenic amines. PLoS One 8(5):1-11, e62899. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0062899
  • Pflüger HJ, Sillar KT (2013) Book chapter on “Motor Control”, pages 479-524, in CG Galizia, JM Lledo (eds), Neurosciences – From Molecule to Behavior: A University Textbook, Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg, Germany, 2013 (736 pages). doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-10769-6_23


  • Pflüger H-J, Duch C. (2011) Dynamic neural control of insect muscle metabolism related to motor behavior. Physiology 26(4): 293-303. doi: 10.1152/physiol.00002.2011
  • Pflüger, H-J, Field LH, Nishino H, Currie MJ. (2011) Neuromodulatory unpaired median neurons in the New Zealand tree weta, Hemideina femorata. J Insect Physiol, 57(10): 1420-1430. doi: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2011.07.010
  • Rillich J,  Pflüger HJ (2012) Book review: Der Experimentator: Neurowissenschaften (in German), appeared in Biospektrum 17 (06):718


  • Lehmann GU, Berger S, Strauss J, Lehmann AW, Pflüger HJ. (2010) The auditory system of non-calling grasshoppers (Melanoplinae: Podismini) and the evolutionary regression of their tympanal ears. J Comp Physiol A 196(11): 807-16. doi: 10.1007/s00359-010-0560-2
  • Mayer G, Whitington PM, Sunnucks P, Pflüger HJ. (2010) A revision of brain composition in Onychophora (velvet worms) suggests that the tritocerebrum evolved in arthropods. BMC Evolutionary Biology 10: 255. doi: 10.1186/1471-2148-10-255
  • Verlinden H,  Vleugels R, Marchal, E, Badisco, Pflüger, H-J, Blenau, W, Van den Broeck, J (2010) The role of octopamine in locusts and other insects. J Insect Physiol 56(8): 854-867. doi: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2010.05.018
  • Verlinden H,  Vleugels R, Marchal, E, Badisco, L, Tobback, J, Pflüger, H-J, Blenau, W, Van den Broeck, J (2010) The cloning, phylogenetic relationship and distribution pattern of two new putative GPCR-type octopamine receptors in the desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria). J Insect Physiol 56(8): 868–875. doi: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2010.03.003
  • Münch D, Ott SR, Pflüger HJ (2010) The three dimensional distribution of NO sources in a primary mechanosensory integration centre in the Locust. J Comp Neurol 518(15): 2903-2916. doi: 10.1002/cne.22396
  • Vierk R, Duch C, Pflüger HJ (2010) Postembryonic development of the centrally generated flight pattern in the tobacco hawkmoth, Manduca sexta., J. Comp. Physiol A 196:37-50. doi: 10.1007/s00359-009-0490-z


  • Kononenko, N. L., Wolfenberg, H., Pflüger, H.-J. (2009) Tyramine as an independent transmitter and a precursor of octopamine in the locust central nervous system: An immunocytochemical study. J. Comp. Neurol. 512(4): 433-452. doi: 10.1002/cne.21911
  • Cholewa, J. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2009) Descending unpaired median neurons with bilaterally symmetrical axons in the suboesophageal ganglion of Manduca sexta larvae. Zoology 112(4): 251-262. doi: 10.1016/j.zool.2008.10.004
  • Vierk R, Pflüger HJ, Duch C. (2009) Differential effects of octopamine and tyramine on the central pattern generator for Manduca flight. J Comp Physiol A (2009) 195(3): 265–277. doi: 10.1007/s00359-008-0404-5


  • Mentel, T, Weiler, V, Büschges, A., Pflüger, H-J. (2008) Activity of neuromodulatory neurons during stepping of a single insect leg. J. Insect Physiol. 54(1): 51-61. doi: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2007.08.010
  • Field, L. H., Duch, C. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2008) Responses of octopaminergic thoracic unpaired median neurons in the locust to visual and mechanosensory signals. J. Insect Physiol. 54(1): 240-254. doi: 10.1016/j.jinsphys.2007.09.006


  • Ryglewski, S.; Pflüger, H.-J. & Duch, C. (2007) Expanding the Neuron's Calcium Signaling Repertoire: Intracellular Calcium Release via Voltage induced PLC and IP3R Activation. PLoS Biology 5(4): 818 - 827
  • Kononenko, N.L. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2007) Dendritic projections of different types of octopaminergic unpaired median neurons in the locust metathoracic ganglion. Cell Tissue  Res. 330:179-195 (electronic publication 15-05-2007, DOI 10.1007/s00441-007-0425-3)
  • Brembs, B., Christiansen, F., Pflüger, H.-J. & Duch, C. (2007) Flight motor performance deficits in flies with genetically altered biogenic amine levels. J. Neurosci. 27 (41):11122-11131
  • Büschges A, Pflüger, H-J (2007) Generating rhythmic movement: From microcircuits to complex motor programs. Introductory remarks to Symposium 10, 2007, 7th Göttingen Meeting of the German Neuroscience Society, Supplement to Neuroforum, Feb 2007 (1), vol. 13,
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2007) Der Flug der Insekten. Woher kommt die Energie und wie wird er kontrolliert? Fundiert, Heft 1, 2007, pp 50-55 (Science magazine of the Freie Universität Berlin)
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2007) Der Flug der Insekten: Wie Heuschrecken ihre Energiezufuhr steuern. Supplement of FU in „Der Tagsspiegel“, 21 June 2007, p. B3


  • Rosenberg, L. A.; Pflüger, H.-J.; Wegener, G. & Libersat, F. (2006) Wasp venom injected into the prey’s brain modulates thoracic identified bioaminergic neurons. J. Neurobiol. 66(2):155-168
  • Heidel; E. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2006) Differential ion current expression in identified subtypes of locust octopaminergic dorsal unpaired median (DUM-) neurons. European J. Neuroscience 23: 1189-1206
  • Skiebe, P., Biserova, N.M., Vedenina, V., Börner, J.& Pflüger, H.-J. (2006) Allatostatin-like immunoreactivity in the abdomen of the locust Schistocerca gregaria. Cell Tissue Res. 325: 163-174 (first electronic publication 14 March, 2006)
  • Bullerjahn, A., Mentel, T., Pflüger, H.-J. & Stevenson, P. A. (2006)  Nitric oxide: a peripheral neuromodulator in the locust influencing heart-rhythm. Cell Tissue Res. 325:345-360 (first electronic publication, 28 March, 2006)
  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Büschges, A. (2006) Neuromodulation of microcircuits in motor systems of invertebrates. In: S. Grillner and A. Graybiel (eds.) Microcircuits: the interface between neurons and global brain function. 2006. Dahlem Workshop Report 93. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press
  • Kiehn, O., Büschges, A., Duch, C., Grillner, S., Isa, T., Lansner, A., Pflüger, H-J., Richter, D. W., Sillar, K. T., Smith, J. and Sparks, D. L. (2006) Neuromodulation of Microcircuits in Motor Systems. In: S. Grillner and A. Graybiel (eds.) Microcircuits: the interface between neurons and global brain function. 2006. Dahlem Workshop Report 93. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2006) Von den Neurowissenschaften erziehen lernen? Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft 9 (Beiheft 5): 43–49
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2006) Frischfleisch für den Nachwuchs. Gehirnwäsche bei Insekten: Wie räuberische Wespen das Verhalten ihrer Beute manipulieren. Der Tagesspiegel, Nr. 19, 358, 1.11.2006, p. 24


  • Pflüger, H.- J. & Stevenson, P. A. (2005) Evolutionary aspects of octopaminergic systems with emphasis on arthropods. Arthropod Structure and Development 34: 379-396


  • Biserova, N. M. & Pflüger, H.-J.(2004) The ultrastructure of locust pleuroaxillary “steering” muscles in comparison to other skeletal muscles. Zoology 107: 229-242
  • Libersat, F. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2004) Monoamines and the orchestration of behavior. BioScience 54 (1): 17 - 25
  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Duch, C.; Heidel, E. (2004) The Ernst Florey Memorial Lecture.
  • Neuromodulatory octopaminergic neurones and their functions during insect motor behaviour.
  • Acta Biologica Hungarica 55 (1-4): 3-12
  • Pflüger, H.-J. and Steve Ayan (2004) Georg Büchner, Dramatiker und Morphologe, Gehirn und Geist 3/2004, pp. 48-52
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2004) Eine Chance für Europa, Neuroforum 2004


  • Mentel, T., Duch, C., Stypa, H., Müller, U., Wegener, G. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2003) Central modulatory neurons control fuel selection in flight muscle of migratory locust. J. Neurosci. 23: 1109-1113
  • Bullerjahn, S. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2003) The distribution of putative nitric oxide releasing neurones in the locust abdominal nervous system: a comparison of NADPHd histochemistry and NOS-immunocytochemistry. Zoology 106: 3-17
  • Nicht schön, aber alt: In: Geoskop, Geo 12/Dezember 2003, page 233
  • Obituary Werner Rathmayer, J. of Muscle Research and Cell Motility 24 (1), 1-2 (2003)
  • Nachruf Werner Rathmayer, Neuroforum 2003 and in 2003 Göttingen Neurobiology Conference program book


  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2002) Georg Büchner, Dramatiker und Morphologe, NeuroForum 8 (2), 199-201


  • Gauglitz, S. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2001) Cholinergic transmission in central synapses of the locust nervous system. J. Comp. Physiol. A 187: 825-836
  • Bräunig, P. & Pflüger, H. -J. (2001) The unpaired median neurons of insects. Adv. Insect Physiol. 28: 185-266
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2001) Was wir von kleinen Gehirnen lernen können. In: Kosmos Gehirn (eds. H. Kettenmann, M. Gibson), Neurowissenschaftliche Gesellschaft, Berlin 2001, p 14-15
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2001) Book review (Lexikon der Neurowissenschaft) in NeuroForum 7 (4), p. 143


  • Bucher, D. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2000) Directional sensitivity of an identified wind-sensitive interneuron during the postembryonic development of the locust. J. Insect Physiol. 46: 1545-1556
  • Bucher, D.; Scholz, M.; Stetter, M.; Obermayer, K. & Pflüger, H.-J. (2000) Correction methods for three-dimensional reconstructions from confocal images: I. Tissue shrinking and axial scaling. J. Neurosci. Methods 100: 135-143
  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Duch, C. (2000) The functional role of octopaminergic neurons in insect motor behavior. Acta Biologica Hungarica 51: 343-348
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (2000) Was wir dem Tintenfisch zu verdanken haben, appeared on 11 October 2000 in „Neue Zürcher Zeitung“ (NZZ) Forschung und Technik, page 73


  • Duch, C.; Mentel, T. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1999) Distribution and activation of different types of octopaminergic DUM neurons in the locust. J. Comp. Neurol. 403, 119-134.
  • Johnston, R.M., Consoulas, C., Pflüger, H.J. & Levine, R.B. (1999) Patterned activation of unpaired median neurons during fictive crawling in Manduca larvae. J. Exp. Biol. 202: 103-113.
  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Field, L.H.D. (1999) A thoracic chordotonal organ in locusts which codes for mechanical and acoustic stimuli. J. Comp. Physiol. A 184: 169-183.
  • Duch, C. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1999) DUM neurons in locust flight: a model system for amine mediated peripheral adjustments to the requirements of a central motor program. J. Comp. Physiol. A 184: 489-499
  • Consoulas, C., Johnston, R.M., Pflüger, H.J. & Levine, R.B. (1999) Peripheral distribution of presynaptic release sites of abdominal motor and modulatory neurons in Manduca sexta larvae. J. Comp. Neurol. 410: 4-19.
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1999) Neuromodulation during motor development and behavior. Current Opinion Neurobiol. 9: 683-689
  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Menzel, R. (1999) Neuroethology, its roots and future. J. Comp. Physiol. A 185: 189-392


  • Meuser, S. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1998) Programmed cell death specifically eliminates one part of a locust pleuroaxillary muscle after imaginal moult. J. Exp. Biol. 201, 2367-2382.


  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1997) Symposium: Neural networks and their ontogenetic changes. In: Neurobiology: From Membrane to Mind (eds. H. Waessle & N. Elsner), Proc. 25th Goettingen Neurobiology Meeting, vol. I, 309 - 312, Thieme, Stuttgart


  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1996) Standpunkt, NeuroForum 2 (4), 23-24


  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Watson, A.H.D. (1995) GABA- and glutamate-like immunoreactivity in central synapses of dorsal unpaired median neurones in the abdominal nerve cord of locusts. Cell Tissue Res. 280, 325-333
  • Burrows, M. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1995) The action of locust neuromodulatory neurons is coupled to specific motor patterns. J. Neurophysiol. 74, 347-357
  • Duch, C. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1995) Motor patterns for horizontal and upside walking and vertical climbing in the locust. J. exp. Biol. 198, 1963-1976
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1995) Structural dynamic of sensory neurons and muscles during the postembryonic development of locusts. Verh. Dtsch. Zool. Ges. 88.2, 119-127
  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Meuser S. (1995) Development of a mechanosensory pathway in the locust. Acta Biologica Hungarica 46 (2-4), 481-483


  • Stevenson, P.A.; Pflüger, H.-J.; Eckert, M. & Rapus, J. (1994) Octopamine-like immunoreactive neurones in locust genital abdominal ganglia. Cell Tiss. Res. 275, 299-308
  • Stevenson, P.A. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1994) Colocalization of octopamine and FMRFamide related peptide in identified heart projecting (DUM) neurones in the locust revealed by immunocytochemistry. Brain Res. 638, 117-125
  • Watson, A.H.D. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1994) Distribution of input synapses from processes exhibiting GABA- and glutamate-like immunoreactivity onto terminals of prosternal filiform afferents in the locust. J. comp. Neurol. 343, 617-629
  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Hurdelbrink, S.; Czjzek, A. & Burrows, M. (1994) Activity dependent structural dynamics of insect sensory fibres. J. Neurosci. 14, 6946-6955


  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Witten, J.L. & Levine, R.B. (1993) Fate of abdominal ventral unpaired median (VUM) cells during metamorphosis of the hawkmoth, Manduca sexta. J. Comp. Neurol. 335, 508-522


  • Ferber, M. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1992) An identified dorsal unpaired median neurone and bilaterally projecting neurones exhibiting bovine pancreatic polypeptide/FMRFamide-like immunoreactivity in abdominal ganglia of the migratory locust. Cell Tissue Res. 267, 85-98
  • Stevenson, P.A.; Pflüger, H.-J.; Eckert, M. & Rapus, J. (1992) Octopamine immunoreactive cell populations in locust ventral nerve cord. J. Comp. Neurol. 315, 382-397
  • Stevenson, P.A. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1992) Evidence for octopaminergic nature of peripherally projecting DUM-cells, but not DUM-interneurons in locusts. In: Symposia Biologica Hungarica 43, 189-199
  • Kalogianni, E. & Pflüger, H.-J.(1992) The Identification of motor and unpaired median neurones innervating the locust oviduct. J. Exp. Biol. 168, 177-198
  • Burrows, M. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1992) Output connections of a wind sensitive interneurone with motor neurones innervating flight steering muscles in the locust.  J. Comp. Physiol A 171, 437-446


  • Ferber, M. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1990) Bilaterally projecting neurones in pregenital abdominal ganglia of the locust:  Anatomy and peripheral targets. J. Comp. Neurol. 302, 447-460
  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Burrows, M. (1990) Synaptic connections of different strength between wind­sensitive hairs and an identified projection interneurone in the locust. Europ. J. Neurosci. 2, 1040-1050


  • Watson, A.H.D. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1989) Regional specialisation fuer synaptic input and output on a locust intersegmental interneurone with multiple spike initiating zones. J. Comp. Neurol. 279, 515-527
  • Field, L.H. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1989) The femoral chordotonal organ: A bifunctional orthopteran sense organ? Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 93A, 729-743
  • Book: Neural Mechanisms of Behavior. Proceedings of the 2nd International Congress of Neuroethology. (eds. J. Erber, R. Menzel, H.-J. Pflüger, D. Todt), Thieme, Stuttgart, 1989.
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1989) Sensory control of local reflex-movements in locusts. In: Neurobiology of Sensory Systems (eds. R. Naresh Singh & N. Strausfeld), Plenum, New York, 1989, p. 555-566


  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Watson, A.H.D. (1988) The structure and distribution of Dorsal Unpaired Median (DUM) Neurones in the abdominal nerve cord of male and female locusts. J. Comp. Neurol. 268, 329-345
  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Bräunig, P. & Hustert, R. (1988) The organization of mechanosensory neuropiles in locust thoracic ganglia. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London B. 321, 1-26
  • Burrows, M. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1988) Positive feedback loops from proprioceptors involved in leg movements of the locust. J. Comp. Physiol. A  163, 425-440
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1988) Wie laufen Tiere? Sitzungsberichte der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin (Hrsg. P. Goetz), (N.F.) 28 Berlin, p 109-120


  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Burrows, M. (1987) A strand receptor with a central cell body synapses upon spiking local interneurones in the locust. J. Comp. Physiol. A. 160, 295-304
  • Watson, A.H.D. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1987) The distribution of GABA-like immunoreactivity in relation to ganglion structure in the abdominal nerve cord of the locust. Cell Tissue Res. 249, 391-402
  • Clarac, F.; Libersat, F.; Pflüger, H.-J. & Rathmayer, W. (1987) Motor pattern analysis in the shore crab (Carcinus maenas) walking freely in water and on land. J. Exp. Biol. 133, 395-415
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1988) Control of local reflexes in insects. In "Posture and gait: Development, adaptation and modulation" (eds. B. Amblard, A. Berthoz, F. Clarac). Elsevier (Biomedical Div.), p 321-331
  • Pflüger, H.-J. & Kutsch, W. (1987) Pionier- und Wegweiserzellen im Nervensystem der Insekten: Entstehung, Interaktionen, Aufgaben und Schicksal. Biologie in unserer Zeit (BIUZ) 17, 1-8


  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Elson, R.; Binkle, U.; Schneider, H. (1986) The central nervous organization of the motor neurones to a steering muscle in locusts. J. Exp. Biol. 120, 403-420
  • Elson, R.; Pflüger, H.-J. (1986) The activity of a steering muscle in locusts. J. Exp. Biol. 120, 421-441
  • Burrows, M. & Pflüger, H.-J. (1986) Processing by local interneurones of mechanosensory signals involved in a leg reflex of the locust. J. of Neuroscience 6, 2764-2777
  • Pflüger, H.-J. Von Pionieren und Wegweisern im Nervensystem, appeared on 11 June 1986 in "Neue Zuercher Zeitung" (NZZ). Supplement: Forschung und Technik.


  • Habilitation: Senso-motorische Interaktionen bei Wanderheuschrecken: Die Aufklärung eines mechanorezeptiven Informationsweges. (Universität Konstanz 1985)


  • Watson, A.H.D.; Pflüger, H.-J. (1984) The ultrastructure of prosternal sensory hair afferents within the locust central nervous system. Neuroscience 11, 269-279
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1984) The large fourth abdominal intersegmental interneuron: A new type of windsensitive ventral cord interneuron in locusts. J. Comp. Neurol. 222, 343-357
  • Seyfarth, E.A.; Pflüger, H.-J. (1984) Proprioceptor distribution and control of a muscle reflex in the tibia of spider legs. J. Neurobiol. 15, 365-374


  • Bräunig, P.; Pflüger, H.-J.; Hustert, R. (1983) The specificity of central nervous projections of locust mechanoreceptors. J. Comp. Neurol. 218, 197-207


  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Tautz, J. (1982) Air movement sensitive hairs and interneurons in Locusta migra­toria. J. Comp. Physiol. 145, 369-380
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1982) Parasiten gegen Wanderheuschrecken, appeared on 10 February 1982 in Forschungsbeilage Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung (FAZ).


  • Cruse, H.; Pflüger, H.-J. (1981) Is the position of the femur-tibia joint under feedback control in the walking stick insect? J. Exp. Biol. 92, 97-107
  • Bräunig, P.; Hustert, R.; Pflüger, H.-J. (1981) Distribution and specific central projections of mechanoreceptors in the thorax and proximal leg joints of locusts. I. Morphology, location and innervation of internal proprioceptors of pro- and metathorax and their central projections. Cell Tissue Res. 216, 57-77
  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Bräunig, P.; Hustert, R. (1981) Distribution and specific central projections of mechanoreceptors in the thorax and proximal leg joints of locusts. II. The external mechano­receptors: Hair plates and tactile hairs. Cell Tissue Res. 216, 79-96.
  • Hustert, R.; Pflüger, H.-J.; Bräunig, P. (1981) Distribution and specific central projections of mechanoreceptors in the thorax and proximal leg joints of locusts. III. The external mechano­receptors: The campaniform sensilla. Cell Tissue Res. 216, 97-111


  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1980a) Central nervous projections of sternal trichoid sensilla in locusts. Naturwissenschaften 67, 316-317
  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1980b) The function of hair sensilla on the locust's leg: The role of tibial hairs. J. Exp. Biol. 87, 163-175


  • Bässler, U.; Pflüger, H.-J. (1979) The control-system of the femur-tibia-joint of the phasmid Exta­tosoma tiaratum and the control of rocking. J. Comp. Physiol. 132, 209-215


  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Burrows, M. (1978a) Locusts use the same basic motor pattern in swimming as in jumping and kicking. J. Exp. Biol. 75, 81-93
  • Pflüger, H.-J.; Burrows, M. (1978b) How the locust dries itself. J. Exp. Biol. 75, 95-100


  • Pflüger, H.-J. (1977) The control of the rocking movements of the phasmid Carausius morosus Br. J. Comp. Physiol. 120, 181-202


  • Dissertation (doctoral thesis): Zur Steuerung der Schaukel-und Laufbewegung bei den Phasmiden Carausius morosus Br. und Extatosoma tiaratum (W.S. MacLeay). (Universität Kaiserslautern 1976)


  • Bässler, U.; Cruse, H.; Pflüger, H.-J. (1974) Der Regelkreis des Kniesehnenreflexes bei der Stabheuschrecke Carausius morosus. Kybernetik 15, 117-125


  • Staatsexamensarbeit (state examination thesis): Schaukelbewegungen bei der Stabheuschrecke, Carausius morosus Br. (Universität Stuttgart 1973)


  • http://dasgehirn.info/aktuell/hirnschau/ein-stammbaum-der-nervensysteme-1964 (Video on Evolution of nervous systems on platform www.dasGehirn.info of the German Neuroscience Society, (Neurowissenschaftliche Gesellschaft), in German
  • http://www.bio.msu.ru/ (lecture Moscow State University, 3 March 2014)

Updated: März 2019