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Biomolecular structure refinement based on adaptive restraints using local-elevation simulation

M. Christen, B. Keller, W. F. van Gunsteren— 2007

Introducing experimental values as restraints into molecular dynamics (MD) simulation to bias the values of particular molecular properties, such as nuclear Overhauser effect intensities or distances, dipolar couplings, 3 J-coupling constants, chemical shifts or crystallographic structure factors, towards experimental values is a widely used structure refinement method. Because multiple torsion angle values ϕ correspond to the same 3 J-coupling constant and high-energy barriers are separating those, restraining 3 J-coupling constants remains difficult. A method to adaptively enforce restraints using a local elevation (LE) potential energy function is presented and applied to 3 J-coupling constant restraining in an MD simulation of hen egg-white lysozyme (HEWL). The method succesfully enhances sampling of the restrained torsion angles until the 37 experimental 3 J-coupling constant values are reached, thereby also improving the agreement with the 1,630 experimental NOE atom–atom distance upper bounds. Afterwards the torsional angles ϕ are kept restrained by the built-up local-elevation potential energies.

TitleBiomolecular structure refinement based on adaptive restraints using local-elevation simulation
AuthorM. Christen, B. Keller, W. F. van Gunsteren
Date2007
IdentifierDOI 10.1007/s10858-007-9194-2
Source(s)
CitationJ. Biomol. NMR, 37 (2007), p. 1-14.