Drucken (Miniaturbild)



  • I. Schütz, T. Lopez-Hernandez, Q. Gao, D. Puchkov, S. Jabs, D. Nordmeyer, M. Schmudde, E. Rühl, C. Graf und V. Haucke
    "Lysosomal dysfunction caused by cellular accumulation of silica nanoparticles"
    J. Biol. Chem., zur Publikation angenommen (2016). DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M115.710947

  • V. Mondes, E. Antonsson, J. Plenge, C. Raschpichler, I. Halfpap, A. Menski, C. Graf, M. F. Kling und E. Rühl "Plasmonic Electric Near Field Enhancement in Self-Organized Gold Nanoparticles in Macroscopic Arrays"
    Appl. Phys. B, accepted (2016).

  • M. Schmudde, C. Grunewald, C. Goroncy, C.N. Noufele, B. Stein, T. Risse und C. Graf,
    “Controlling the Interaction and Non-Close-Packed Arrangement of Nanoparticles on Large Areas
    ACS Nano 10, 3525 (2016). DOI: 10.1021/acsnano.5b07782
  • F. Rancan, M. Asadian-Birjand, S. Dogan, C. Graf, L. Cuellar, S.Lommatzsch, U. Blume-Peytavi, M. Calderón und A. Vogt
    "Effects of thermoresponsivity and softness of polyglycerol-based nanogels on skin penetration and cellular uptake."
    J. Control. Rel. 228, 159 (2016). DOI: 10.1016/j.jconrel.2016.02.047


  • C. Graf, D. Nordmeyer, S. Ahlberg, J. Raabe, A. Vogt, J. Lademann, F. Rancan und E. Rühl
    "Penetration of spherical and rod-like gold nanoparticles into intact and barrier-disrupted human skin."
    Proc. SPIE 9338, 93381L (2015). DOI: 10.1117/12.2079719

  • F. Süßmann, L. Seiffert, S. Zherebtsov, V. Mondes, J. Stierle, M. Arbeiter, J. Plenge, P. Rupp, C. Peltz, A. Kessel, S. A. Trushin, B. Ahn, D. Kim, C. Graf, E. Rühl, M. Kling und T. Fennel,
    “Field propagation induced directionality of carrier-envelope phase controlled photoemission from nanosphere
    Nature Comm. 6, 7944(2015). DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8944

  • C. Graf, C. Goroncy, P. Stumpf, E. Weschke, C. Boeglin, H. Ronneburg und E. Rühl
    “Local Magnetic and Electronic Structure of Post-Synthesis Oxidized Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Magnetic Resonance Imaging”
    J. Phys. Chem. C 119, 19404 (2015). DOI: 10.1021/jp512023z

  • B. Stein, D. Zopes, M. Schmudde, R. Schneider, A. Mohsen, C. Goroncy, S. Mathur und C. Graf
    “Kinetics of Aggregation and Growth Processes of PEG-Stabilised Mono- and Multivalent Gold Nanoparticles in Highly Concentrated Halide Solutions”
    Faraday Discuss. 181, 85 (2015). DOI: 10.1039/C5FD00024F

  • A. Ostrowski, D. Nordmeyer, A. Boreham, L. Mundhenk, C. Graf, M. Meinke, A. Vogt, S. Hadam, J. Lademann, E. Rühl, U. Alexiev und A. D. Gruber

    “Overview on the Localization of Nanoparticles in Tissue and Cellular Context by Different Imaging Techniques”
    Beilstein J. Nanotech. 6, 263 (2015). DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.6.25


  • S. Ahlberg, A. Antonopoulos, J. Diendorf, R. Dringen, M. Epple, R. Flöck, W. Goedecke, C. Graf, N. Haberl, J. Helmlinger, F. Herzog, F. Heuer, S. Hirn, C. Johannes, S. Kittler, M. Köller, K. Korn, W. G. Kreyling, F. Krombach, J. Lademann, K. Loza, E. M. Luther, M. Malissek, M. C. Meinke, D. Nordmeyer, A. Pailliart, J. Raabe, F. Rancan, B. Rothen-Rutishauser, E. Rühl, C. Schleh, A. Seibel, C. Sengstock, L. Treuel, A. Vogt, K. Weber und R. Zellner
    “PVP-coated, negatively charged silver nanoparticles: A multi-center study of their physicochemical characteristics, cell culture and in vivo experiments”
    Beilstein J. Nanotech. 5, 1944 (2014). DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.5.205

  • A. Vogt, F. Rancan, S. Ahlberg, B. Nazemi, C. S. Choe, M. E. Darvin, U. Blume-Peytavi, K. Loza, J. Diendorf, M. Epple, C. Graf , E. Rühl, M. C. Meinke und J. Lademann
    “Interaction of dermatologically relevant nanoparticles with skin cells and skin”
    Beilstein J. Nanotech. 5, 2363 (2014). DOI: 10.3762/bjnano.5.245

  • A. Ostrowski, D. Nordmeyer, L. Mundhenk, J.W. Fluhr, J. Lademann, C. Graf, E. Rühl und A.D. Gruber
    "AHAPS-functionalized silica nanoparticles do not modulate allergic 2 contact dermatitis in mice."
    Nanoscale Research Letters 9, 524 DOI: 10.1186/1556-276X-9-52

  • A. Ostrowski, D. Nordmeyer, L. Mundhenk, J. W. Fluhr, J. W. Lademann, C. Graf, E. Rühl, U. Alexiev und A. D. Gruber
    “Allergic contact dermatitis in the mouse is not affected by AHAPS-functionalized silica nanoparticles”,
    Nanoscale Res Lett. 9, 1129 (2014). DOI: 10.1186/1556-276X-9-524

  • A. Ostrowski, D. Nordmeyer, A. Boreham, R. Brodwolf, L. Mundhenk, J. W. Fluhr, C. Graf, E. Rühl, U. Alexiev und A. D. Gruber
    “Skin barrier disruptions in tape stripped and allergic dermatitis models have no effect on dermal penetration and systemic distribution of AHAPS-functionalized silica nanoparticles"
    Nanomed. Nanotechnol. 10, 1571 (2014). DOI: 10.1016/j.nano.2014.04.004

  • D. Nordmeyer, P. Stumpf, D. Gröger, F. Paulus, F. Rise, J. Dernedde, M. Taupitz, U. Rauch-Kröhnert, R. Haag, E. Rühl und C. Graf
    „Iron oxide nanoparticles stabilized with dendritic polyglycerols as selective MRI contrast agents”
    Nanoscale 6, 9646 (2014). DOI: 10.1039/C3NR04793H

  • Rancan, F.; Nazemi, B.; Rautenberg, S.; Ryll, M.; Hadam, S.; Gao, Q.; Hackbarth, S.; Haag, S. F.; Graf, C.; Rühl, E.; Blume-Peytavi, U.; Lademann, J.; Vogt, A. und Meinke, M. C.,
    „Ultraviolet radiation and nanoparticle induced intracellular free radicals generation measured in human keratinocytes by electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy”

    Skin Res. Technol 20, 182 (2014). DOI: 10.1111/srt.12104


  • D. Zopes, B. Stein, S. Mathur und C. Graf
    „Improved Stability of “Naked” Gold Nanoparticles Enabled by in Situ Coating with Mono and Multivalent Thiol PEG Ligands

    Langmuir 29, 11217 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/la4012058
  • E. Antonsson, H. Bresch, R. Lewinski, B. Wassermann, T. Leisner, C. Graf, B. Langer und E. Rühl
    „Free nanoparticles studied by soft X-rays

    Chem. Phys. Lett. 559, 1 (2013). DOI: 10.1016/jcplett.2012.11.051


  • C. Fasting, C. A. Schalley, M. Weber, O. Seitz, S. Hecht, B. Koksch, J. Dernedde, C. Graf, E.-W. Knapp und R. Haag
    Multivalenz als chemisches Organisations- und Wirkprinzip
    Angew. Chem. 124, 10622 (2012). DOI: 10.1002/ange.201201114
    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 51, 10472 (2012). DOI: 10.1002/anie.201201114

  • F. Rancan, Q. Gao, C. Graf, S. Troppens, S. Hadam, S. Hackbarth, C. Kembuan, U. Blume-Peytavi, E. Rühl, J. Lademann und A. Vogt
    „Skin penetration and cellular uptake of amorphous silica nanoparticles with variable size, surface functionalization, and colloidal stability
    ACS NANO 6, 6829 (2012). DOI: 10.1021/nn301622h

  • S. Zherebtsov, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, J. Plenge, K. J. Betsch, I. Znakovskaya, A.S. Alnaser, N. G. Johnson, M. Kübel, A. Horn, V. Mondes, C. Graf , S. A. Trushin, A. Azzeer, M. J. J. Vrakking, G. G. Paulus, F. Krausz, E. Rühl, T. Fennel und M. F. Kling„Carrier-envelope phase tagged imaging of the controlled electron acceleration from SiO2 nanospheres in intense few-cycle  laser fields
    New J. Phys. 14, 075010 (2012). DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/14/7/075010

  • C. Graf, Q. Gao, I. Schütz, C. Niki Noufele, W. Ruan, U. Posselt, E. Korotianskiy, D. Nordmeyer, F. Rancan, S. Hadam, A. Vogt, J. Lademann, V. Haucke und E. Rühl
    Surface Functionalization of Silica Nanoparticles Supports Colloidal Stability in Physiological Media and Facilitates Internalization in Cells”
    Langmuir 18, 7598 (2012).  DOI:10.1021/la204913t

  • M. Jansch, P. Stumpf, C. M. Graf, E. Rühl und R. H. Müller
    „Adsorption kinetics of plasma proteins on superparamagnetic iron oxide (SPIO) nanoparticles”
    Int. J. Pharmaceutics 428, 125 (2012). DOI:10.1016/j.ijpharm.2012.01.060

  • F. Rancan, A. Todorova, S. Hadam, D. Papakostas, E. Luciani, C. Graf, U. Gernert, E. Rühl, B. Verrier, W. Sterry, U. Blume-Peytavi und A.  Vogt,
    „Stability of Polylactic Acid (PLA) particles and release of fluorochromes upon topical application on human skin explants”
    Eur. J. Pharma. Biopharma. 80, 76 (2012). DOI: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2011.09.004


  • A. Hofmann, P. Schmiel , B. Stein und C. Graf
    „Controlled Formation of Gold Nanoparticle Dimers Using Multivalent Thiol Ligands“

    Langmuir 27, 15165 (2011). DOI: 10.1021/la2028498

  • F. Süßmann, S. Zherebtsov, J. Plenge, Nora Johnson, M. Kü;bel, A. Sayler, V. Mondes, C. Graf, E.Rühl, G. Paulus, D. Schmischke, P.  Swrschek und M. Kling,
    „Single-shot velocity-map imaging of attosecond light-field control at kilohertz rate”
    Rev. Sci. Instrum. 82, 093109 (2011). DOI: 10.1063/1.3639333

  • O. Lademann, H. Richter, A. Kramer, A. Patzelt, M.C. Meinke, C. Graf, Q. Gao, E. Korotianksiy, E. Rühl, K.-D. Weltmann, J. Lademann und S. Koch
    Stimulation of the Penetration of Particles into the Skin by Plasma Interaction“
    Laser Phys. Lett. 8, 758 (2011). DOI: 10.1002/lapl.201110055

  • S. Zherebtsov, Th. Fennel, J. Plenge, E. Antonsson, I. Znakovskaya, A. Wirth, O. Herrwerth, F. Süßmann, C. Peltz, I. Ahmad, S. Trushin, V. Pervak, S. Karsch, M.J.J. Vrakking, B. Langer, C. Graf, M.I. Stockman, F. Krausz, E. Rühl und M.F. Kling
    Controlled near-field enhanced electron acceleration from dielectric nanospheres with intense few-cycle laser fields”
    Nature Physics 7, 656 (2011). DOI: 10.1038/NPHYS1983

  • S. Perumal, A. Hofmann, N. Scholz, E. Rühl und C. Graf
    „Kinetics Study of the Binding of Multivalent Ligands on Size-Selected Gold Nanoparticles“
    Langmuir 27, 4456 (2011). DOI: 10.1021/la105134m

  • H. Bresch, B. Wassermann, B. Langer, C. Graf und E. Rühl
    Elastic Scattering of Soft X-Rays from Free Size-Selected Nanoparticles”
    in: Fundamentals and Applications in Aerosol Spectroscopy, Eds.: R. Signorell and J.N. Reid, Taylor and Francis, Chapter 16, 401 (2011)


  • A. Hofmann, S. Thierbach, A. Semisch, A. Hartwig, M. Taupitz, E. Rühl und C. Graf
    „Novel Highly Monodisperse Water-Dispersable Iron Oxide Nanoparticles for Biomedical Applications”
    J. Mat. Chem. 20, 7842 (2010). DOI: 10.1039/C0JM01169J

  • A. Hofmann, C. Graf, S.-H. Kung, M. Kim, X. Peng, R. El-Aama und E. Rühl.
    „New types of bifunctional hydroxamic acids as novel ligands for the hydrophilic stabilization of iron oxide nanoparticles“
    Synthesis 42, 1150 (2010). DOI: 10.1055/s-0029-1218654


  • C. Graf, A. Hofmann, T. Ackermann, C. Boeglin, R. Viswanatha, X. Peng, A. Fraile Rodríguez, F. Nolting und E. Rühl
    „Magnetic and Structural Investigation of ZnSe Semiconductor Nanoparticles Doped with Isolated and Core-concentrated Mn2+ Ions”
    Adv. Functional Mat. 19, 2501 (2009). DOI: 10.1002/adfm.200801602

  • R. Lewinski, C. Graf, B. Langer, R. Flesch, H. Bresch, B. Wassermann und E. Rühl,
    „Size-Effects in Clusters and Free Nanoparticles Probed by Soft X-Rays“
    Eur. J. Phys. Special Topics 169, 67 (2009). DOI:10.1140/epjst/e2009-00974-y

  • C. Graf, M. Meinke, Q. Gao, S. Hadam, J. Raabe, W. Sterry, U. Blume-Peytavi, J. Lademann, E. Rühl und A. Vogt
    „Qualitative Detection of Single Submicron and Nanoparticles in Human Skin by Scanning Transmission X-Ray Microscopy“
    J. Biomed. Opt. 14, 021015 (2009). DOI:10.1117/1.3078811


  • Harri Härmä, Christina Graf und Pekka Hänninen
    Synthesis and characterization of core-shell europium(III)-silica nanoparticles”
    J. Nanopart. Res. 10, 1221 (2008). DOI: 10.1007/s11051-008-9380-5

  • C. Graf, B. Langer, M. Grimm, R. Lewinski, M. Grom und E. Rühl
    „Investigation of Trapped Metallo-Dielectric Core Shell Colloidal Particles Using Soft X-Rays”
    J. Electron Spectrosc. 166-167, 74-80 (2008).DOI:10.1016/j.elspec.2008.05.010
  • S. Dembski, C. Graf, T. Krüger, U. Gbureck, A. Ewald, A. Bock und E. Rühl
    Photoactivation of CdSe/ZnS-Quantum Dots Embedded into Silica Colloids“
    Small 4, 1516-1526 (2008). DOI: 10.1002/smll.200700997

  • H. Bresch, B. Wassermann, B. Langer, C. Graf, R. Flesch, U. Becker, B. Österreicher, T. Leisner und E. Rühl
    Elastic Light Scattering from Free Sub-Micron Particles in the Soft X Ray Regime“
    Faraday Discuss. 137, 389-402 (2008). DOI: 10.1039/b702630g


  • V.I. Korusinkiy, R.B. Neder, D. Hofmann, S. Dembski, C. Graf und E. Rühl
    Aspects of the Modelling of the Radial Distribution Function of Small Nanoparticles“
    J. Appl. Crystallogr. 40, 975-985  (2007).DOI:10.1107/S0021889807038174

  • A. Hofmann, C. Graf, C. Boeglin und E. Rühl
    Magnetic and structural investigation of Mn2+ doped ZnSe semiconductor nanoparticles”
    ChemPhysChem 8, 2008-2012 (2007). DOI: 10.1002/cphc.200700050

  • C. Graf, R. Lewinski, S. Dembski, B. Langer und E. Rühl
    Structure and Dynamics of Structured II-VI-Semiconductor Nanoparticles inSelected Environments“
    Phys. Stat. Sol. C 9, 3244-3259 (2007). DOI: 10.1002/pssc.200775413

  • R. B. Neder, V. I. Korsunskiy, C. Chory, G. Müller, A. Hofmann, S. Dembski, C. Graf und E. Rühl
    Structural characterization of II-VI semiconductor nanoparticles"
    Phys. Stat. Sol. C 9, 3221-3233 (2007). DOI: 10.1002/pssc.200775409

  • D. A. Mazurenko, X. Shan, J. C. P. Stiefelhagen, C. M. Graf, A. van Blaaderen und J. I. Dijkhuis
    Coherent vibrations of submicron spherical gold shells in a photonic crystal
    Phys. Rev. B 75, 161102(R) (2007). DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.75.161102


  • C. Graf, S. Dembski, A. Hofmann und E. Rühl
    „A General Method for the Controlled Embedding of Nanoparticles in Silica Colloids“
    Langmuir 22, 5604-5610(2006).DOI: 10.1021/la060136w

  • J. Shu, K.R. Wilson, M. Ahmed, S.R. Leone, C. Graf und  E. Rühl,
    „Elastic Light Scattering from Nanoparticles by Monochromatic Vacuum Ultraviolet Radiation”
    J. Chem. Phys. 124, 034707 (2006). DOI:

  • J. J. Penninkhof, C. Graf, T. van Dillen, A. M. Vredenberg, A. van Blaaderen und A. Polman
    „Angle-Dependent Extinction of Anisotropic Silica/Au Core/Shell Colloids Made via Ion Irradiation”
    Adv. Mater. 18, 2802 (2006). DOI:

  • J. J. Penninkhof, T. van Dillen, S. Roorda, C. Graf, A. van Blaaderen, A. M. Vredenberg und A. Polman
    „Anisotropic deformation of metallo-dielectric core–shell colloids under MeV ion irradiation”
    Nucl. Instrum. Methods Phys. Res. B 242 523 (2006). DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2005.08.116


  • O. G. Tovmachenko, C. Graf, D. J. van den Heuvel, A. van Blaaderen und H. C. Gerritsen
    Fluorescence Enhancement by Metal-Core/Silica-Shell Nanoparticles”
    Adv. Mater. 18, 91 (2006)
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200500451

  • J. J. Penninkhof, C. Graf, T. van Dillen, A. M. Vredenberg, A. van Blaaderen und A. Polman
    Angle-Dependent Extinction of Anisotropic Silica/Au Core/Shell Colloids Made via Ion Irradiation”
    Adv. Mater. 17, 1484 (2005).
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200500451


  • S. Roorda, T. van Dillen, A. Polman, C. Graf, A. van Blaaderen und B. J. Kooi
    Aligned Gold Nanorods in Silica Made by Ion Irradiation of Core–Shell Colloidal Particles”
    Adv. Mater. 16, 235 (2004).
    DOI: 10.1002/adma.200305742


  • C. Graf, D. L. J. Vossen, A. Imhof und A. Van Blaaderen
    „A General Method To Coat Colloidal Particles with Silica”
    Langmuir 19, 6693 (2003). DOI: 10.1021/la0347859


  • C. Graf und A. van Blaaderen
    „Metallodielectric Colloidal Core-Shell Particles for Photonic Applications”
    Langmuir 18, 524 (2002). DOI: 10.1021/la011093g


  • C. Graf, W. Schärtl, M. Maskos und M. Schmidt
    „Tracer diffusion of polyorganosiloxane nanoparticles in solution: Effects of tracer topology and particle concentration”
    J. Chem. Phys. 112, 3031 (2000). DOI: 10.1063/1.480877

  • C. Graf, W. Schartl und N. Hugenberg
    „Photoinduced cluster formation of coumarin-labeled organosilicon micronetworks”
    Adv. Mater. 12, 1353 (2000). DOI: 10.1002/1521-4095(200009)12:18<1353::AID-ADMA1353>3.0.CO;2-O 


  • C. Graf, W. Schaertl, K. Fischer, N. Hugenberg und M. Schmidt
    „Dye-Labeled Poly(organosiloxane) Microgels with Core−Shell Architecture”
    Langmuir 15, 6170 (1999). DOI: 10.1021/la990222e

  • C. Graf, W. Schaertl, K. Fischer, N. Hugenberg und M. Schmidt
    „Core-shell organosilicone-µ-networks with a dye labeled core”
    Polymeric Materials Science and Engineering 80, 141 (1999)

  • W. Schärtl, C. Roos, C. Graf, M. Schmidt
    „Polyorganosiloxane nanoparticles as optical tracers”
    Progr. Colloid Polym. Sci. 112, 214 (1999). DOI: 10.1007/3-540-48953-3_43